Isole Borromee Isole Borromee
HISTORY

THE ROCCA DI ARONA

As early as the Longobard period, the fortresses of Arona and Angera (one located on the western bank of Lago Maggiore, the other on the eastern one) probably provided the elements for a single defence system that enabled the southern basin of the lake, through which most of the traffic from across the Alps moved towards Milan and Pavia, to be controlled.

THE ROCCA DI ARONA

The Borromaic period of the history of Arona and its fortress began in 1439, with its enfeoffment by Filippo Maria Visconti to Vitaliano I Borromeo.

 

THE ROCCA DI ARONA
From the left: Filippo Maria Visconti and Vitaliano I Borromeo

Immediately after his investiture, Vitaliano began work on the restoration and expansion of the fortress and on the construction of the military port, connected to the fortress by a “secret road”.

On Vitaliano’s death, the work continued with his son Filippo I, who erected other towers and a further circle of walls around the fortress.

The fortress was the object of disputes and was temporarily removed from the Borromeos in 1495-1499 and in 1500, being returned to Federico I in 1512. During its history it underwent famous sieges, becoming a theatre of episodes of war.

On 2 October 1538 the Rocca di Arona was the birthplace of San Carlo Borromeo, who was born in the “Room of the Three Lakes”, so called on account of the presence of three windows from which it was possible to have three different view of the lake.

THE ROCCA DI ARONA

As early as the 17th century, the room became the destination for a large number of pilgrims, so it was reconstructed in the apse area of the church of San Carlo, built on the rocky protrusion above the town in the area of the Holy Mountain dedicated to the Saint.

The Rocca fully exploited the physical characteristics of the spur on which it stood and the system of three sets of walls completely surrounded it, with the sole exception of the side of sheer cliffs dropping into the lake.

The complex had an irregular altimetry, which was obviated by a system of flights of steps; differences in height also separated the “piazze d’armi” [parade squares] and the courtyards. The highest wall (five metres high) was the oldest part of the fortress, probably together with the Tower of Santa Maria.

THE ROCCA DI ARONA

Stretching out at the centre was the Piazza d’Armi, flanked by the soldiers’ Barracks, the Armoury and the little church of Sant’Ambrogio; behind the soldiers’ Barracks were the Stanza dei Molini [Room of the Mills], Saint Charles’ Room and, behind the latter, a building that had a residential function, connected to the other constructions via underground passages and secret pathways.

The pathway, which can still be walked today, solved the problem of a difference in level of 60 metres. The third wall, with four towers, was connected by a steep road running along the inside of it to the Porta del Secondo Recinto [Gate of the Second Wall], where the Main Gatehouse was housed, where today the remains of the old farm are visible.

The enormous complex remained intact until 1800, when Napoleon Bonaparte, having defeated the Austrians in Marengo (14 June), ordered it to be dismantled.

THE ROCCA DI ARONA

The work began on 23 June, carried out by a group of French miners assisted by around four hundred citizens, but it proceeded slowly because of the sturdiness of the construction and the disputes that arose between the municipality of Arona and the French government regarding the financing of the operation. It was only on 22 March 1801, after almost nine months of work, that the demolition could be said to be concluded.

THE ROCCA DI ARONA

Today the Rocca di Arona is undergoing a significant conservative restoration. Preceded by the preliminary analyses of the condition of conservation, the restoration is mainly focused on halting the causes of the deterioration, rectifying the damage and re-establishing safe conditions for the monument, aiming to rigorously safeguard and maintain the material integrity of the buildings.

THE ROCCA DI ARONA
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Esplora i siti museali di Terre Borromeo con un tour guidato.
Acquista l’audioguida al link in bio e preparati ad un’avventura indimenticabile tra arte, natura e cultura. 

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Explore Terre Borromeo's museum sites with a guided tour.
Purchase the audio guide at the link in bio and get ready for an unforgettable adventure among art, nature and culture.

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#BorromeoExperience
#LagoMaggiore #Italia #Stresa #art
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Sabato 16 marzo riaprono tutte le location di Terre Borromeo. Clicca sul link in bio per prenotare l'ingresso alle singole location o scegli una combo:

- Isola Bella + Isola Madre
- Isola Bella + Rocca di Angera + Parco Pallavicino
- Isola Bella + Isola Madre + Parco Pallavicino
- Isola Bella + Isola Madre + Rocca di Angera
- Isola Madre + Rocca di Angera + Parco Pallavicino

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Saturday, March 16th, all Terre Borromeo locations will reopen. Click the link in the bio to book the tickets to individual locations or choose a combo:

- Isola Bella + Isola Madre
- Isola Bella + Rocca di Angera + Parco Pallavicino
- Isola Bella + Isola Madre + Parco Pallavicino
- Isola Bella + Isola Madre + Rocca di Angera
- Isola Madre + Rocca di Angera + Parco Pallavicino

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Tra le pagine di questi volumi si celano commenti, appunti e disegni, talvolta legati semplicemente alle variazioni climatiche e talvolta ad avvenimenti epocali. Nel fondo Calendari sono ad esempio raccolti i “Giornali con le ferie”, i Lunari, svariati “Palmaverde”, i celebri almanacchi del regno Sardo.

A quale anno pensi si riferisca il calendario nella foto?

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Within the pages of these volumes are hidden comments, notes and drawings, sometimes simply related to climatic variations and sometimes to momentous events. For example, in the Calendars fund are collected "Giornali con le ferie", Lunari, several "Palmaverde", the famous almanacs of the Sardinian kingdom.

Which year do you think the calendar in the picture refers to?

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Segna la data sul calendario 📌

Sabato 16 marzo le location di Terre Borromeo apriranno le porte ad una nuova stagione piena di emozioni.
Attendiamo che l’inverno si dissolva per accoglierti a Isola Bella, Isola Madre, Rocca di Angera e Parco Pallavicino!

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 Mark the date on your calendar 📌

On Saturday, March 16, Terre Borromeo locations will open their doors to a new season full of excitement.
Waiting for winter to fade away to welcome you to Isola Bella, Isola Madre, Rocca di Angera and Parco Pallavicino!

Video credits: @juliamachnik 

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309 4
Esploriamo insieme la sala più celebre della Rocca di Angera!

La Sala della Giustizia svela un tesoro di affreschi su tre lati e sulle volte, che si presentano ricoperte da un ricco decoro a motivi geometrici dai colori brillanti.

Il ciclo di affreschi sulle pareti, considerato tra i più ricchi e complessi della pittura medioevale italiana, narra le epiche imprese di Ottone Visconti, ispirate al poemetto Liber gestis in civitate Mediolani.

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Let's explore the most famous and spectacular room of the Rocca di Angera! 

The Hall of Justice unveils a treasure trove of frescoes on three sides and on the vaults, which are covered in richly decorated geometric patterns in brilliant colors.

The cycle of frescoes on the walls, considered among the richest and most complex in medieval Italian painting, narrates the epic exploits of Ottone Visconti, inspired by the poem Liber gestis in civitate Mediolani.

#TerreBorromeo #BorromeoExperience #LagoMaggiore #Italia #roccadiangera #angera #rocca
289 3
Un impegno che unisce passione e precisione. La pulizia dei finimenti equestri nelle grotte di Palazzo Borromeo ci permette di mantenere intatto ogni dettaglio, preservandolo con cura.

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A commitment that combines passion and precision. Cleaning equestrian harnesses in the caves of the Borromeo Palace allows us to keep every detail intact, carefully preserving them.

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328 2
Viaggiamo indietro nel tempo con uno sguardo al Lago Maggiore, catturando l'essenza senza tempo di un'Isola Bella in bianco e nero.

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Let's travel back in time with a look at Lake Maggiore, capturing the timeless essence of an Isola Bella in black and white.

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